A very popular topic in food and cooking related blogs and forums is meal planning. What is it, how can you do it, is it worth the time? I'll start by saying that this article is going to be just full of suggestions, tips and tools. Everyone's situation is different, so I cannot write an article that will work for every single person who might read it. I don't know if you're single, vegetarian, diabetic, have three kids, on food stamps, or a combination of all those things. I will however try my best to give you general tips with more specific scnearios as we go along. Feel free to email me at BudgetEpicurean (at) gmail (dot) com if you have a specific question, or any question really.
What is Meal Planning?
Meal planning is simply that: planning your meals in advance. The period of time may vary, for some you don't plan dinner until it is 7pm and you're starving. Some people plan per week, others plan per month. It is up to you how frequently you can and want to think about your upcoming meals.
The most common ways to go about planning meals is to use a spreadsheet or pre-made printout. If you are an experienced cook or have adequate food in your home already, you could simply list the day and the meal(s) you intend to make. There are abundant options of formats available for free online, and there are also yearly or monthly services which will plan your meals for you. Most paid services will also create a grocery shopping list to go with the meal plan. But why pay for a service you can do for yourself in 20 minutes on one weeknight? I am after all, the Budget Epicurean!
Why should I bother?
Well, if it really seems like too much trouble, you don't need to read any further. Or pay for someone to do it for you. But meal planning can save you the loss of significant money in the form of food waste. Americans waste billions of pounds of food per year, up to 40% of the food that households purchase!! This is due mostly to bad planning. You make too much and no one likes the leftovers. Or you cook, then go out, then cook again, and it goes bad before you can rotate the leftovers. Or you miss an expiration date and the goods expire.
By planning your meals in advance, you are creating several opportunities to save money. You are also bettering your health. This is what planning meals and cooking at home does for you:
- You can feature weekly sale items in your meals, saving you $$
- You can buy in bulk for similar meals, saving you $$
- You cut down on food waste, saving $$ and landfill space
- You control portion sizes, helping your health
- You control what ingredients go in it, meaning you can 'have it your way'
- You determine what meals to make, avoiding boredom
- No preservatives or extra chemicals are added, boosting your health
How to make a meal plan
As stated above, there are plenty of free and paid templates online. But the simplest way to do it is make it on your own. If you are super new to cooking in general, take a gander at Real Simple's "Cooking Basics" checklist. Then follow these steps:
|A typical week's meal plan for me.|
Step 1: Make a list of meals you/your family likes to eat, and meals you know how to make.
Step 2: Draw out a grid for the week. Seven columns, and 3-5 rows for individual meals and snacks.
Step 3: Start filling in spaces you know. For example, if you have kids, you can fill in the "lunch" squares with "school" if they buy a lunch, or "PB&J + apple + string cheese + juice" if you make their lunches. Feel free to add in things like "Eat out" or "Leftovers buffet" for nights you know will be busy.
Step 4: Check your local grocery ads. Figure out what is on sale that could go into meals you would like to make. For example, if romaine, tomatoes, chicken, and salad dressings are on sale, you should schedule in a grilled chicken salad for dinner and/or lunch a few days this week.
Step 5: Once you have figured out what meals you are making, do a quick check of your cupboards and refrigerator. Write down any items you need to buy at the store. This is your week's grocery list.
Step 6: Take your list to the store, and buy only what is on the list. Don't let yourself be lured by that juicy looking steak or the whole rotisserie chicken, unless it was on your list. This will take willpower and practice, but will be a huge money-saver.
Step 7: Post your week's (or month's) meal plan where you will see it, maybe on the refrigerator door. Then simply follow it each day.
The planning process should take you only 20-30 minutes on a weekend or weeknight, and a 30 minute trip to the store. Once you get the hang of a basic meal plan, you can get much more detailed. For example, you can plan to make large amounts of a basic ingredient, like beans or rice, on the weekend. Then throughout the week take the portion you need for that day's dinner out. Or have notes to yourself to defrost the pork chops you will cook Wednesday on Tuesday night. Don't forget to add in little things like snacks, desserts, and occasional days out so you don't get 'frugal fatigue'.
For more information & ideas:
The CDC has a great article on cutting costs and calories by planning meals and home as well as one the go.
EatThisMuch has an awesome calorie calculator/meal planner that allows you to input a calorie amount, and it automatically gives you three meals (or more depending on what you choose) with that amount. You can change out any you don't like, or add more as you wish.
Cooking Light also has a weekly meal planner which allows you to choose recipes from their archives and drag & drop to create your week.
Do you plan meals in advance?
Labels: groceries, grocery shopping, how to make a meal plan, leftovers, make-ahead meals, meal plan, multiple meals, planning, save money on food, save money on groceries, saving money